Distance between the Syrian Cities
Flag and Anthem
Historical Spots of Damascus
Syrian coast consists of long stretches of beach and green
mountains. These mountains are mostly covered with pine and oak
trees, and their slopes touch shore. This landscape repeats itself
from Ras al Bassit in the north to Tartus in the south.
Syrian seashore is about 175 km long, and its numerous beaches are
distinguished by soft sand, unpolluted sea, moderate climate and
clear blue sky.
on the northern part of the Syrian shore, about 40 km to the north
of Lattakia; it is one of the most beautiful spots on the
Mediterranean: a wide bay, with clean water and clean sand,
surrounded by mountains and green hills. Chalets, camping sites and
restaurants along the shore make Ras al Bassit all the more
attractive to visitors.
is Syria's main sea-port on the Mediterranean (186 km southwest of
Aleppo). It has retained its importance since ancient times.
Lattakia was one of the five cities built by Saluqos Nikator in the
2nd century B.C. He named it after his mother, Laudetia.
Not many ancient remains have survived in Lattakia, but there are
four columns and a Roman arch from the time of Septimus Severus
(circa 200 A.D.), in addition to a beautiful Ottoman construction
called 'Khan al-Dukhan', which is now a museum.
Lattakia is the sea-gate to Syria. It is well-provided with
accommodation, and is well-placed as a base from which to explore
the coastal regions of the country.
There are beaches, mountains, archaeological sites and many relics
of the Crusaders, all within a few hours from each other.
Mention should also be made of the historically important Ras
Sharma, only 16 km to the north of Lattakia. This is the site of
Ugarit, the kingdom that had golden past in administration,
education, diplomacy, law, religion and economics between the 16th
and 13th centuries B.C. It is the kingdom that gave humanity the
first alphabet in the world. This alphabet is still preserved on a
clay tablet at the National Museum in Damascus.
Jableh is another Syrian seaside town, 28 km to the south of
city is located on the Syrian coast, 55 km to the south of Lattakia.
It was an ancient Phoenician seaport. The Greeks called it Balemia.
It was famous for its orchards and its export of wood. Today it is
better known for its oil refinery. It still contains citrus fruit
orchards surrounded by green hills. On one of the hills is the
imposing al-Marqab Citadel, a huge fortress of black basalt stone.
second most important Syrian seaport on the Mediterranean (90 km to
the south of Lattakia). It was called Antaradus by the Phoenicians
and Tortusa by the Byzantines. Tortusa was to become one of the main
supply ports for the Crusaders and a military base of considerable
importance. It was held by the templars, but recovered by Salaeddin
the only island in Syria, and it is located 3 km from Tartus.
It was an independent kingdom named Aradus in the days of the
Canaanites. It was often mentioned in inscriptions because of its
importance in commerce and seafaring.
Arwad provided shelter for those escaping from foreign invasions in
ancient times, especially for the people of Amrit in the south of